Laparoscopy for infertility is a minimally invasive surgical procedure that uses a laparoscope (a fibre-optic tube with light and video camera) inserted through two or more minor incisions, often in the belly button.
Blocked fallopian tubes or an abnormal uterine cavity may cause infertility. Hysterosalpingography, or HSG, is an X-ray test to outline the internal shape of the uterus and show whether the fallopian tubes are blocked.
Hysteroscopy and laparoscopy are useful tools for the evaluation and treatment of various structural causes of infertility. In some cases, correction of these abnormalities alone will result in a spontaneous pregnancy.